DES MOINES - Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey commented on the Iowa Crops and Weather report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through October.
"Parts of the state, especially Northwest Iowa, are dealing with excess water resulting in pockets of damage from recent severe weather," Northey said. "Overall, a large majority of our corn and soybeans crops continue in good to excellent condition."
Iowa Secretary of Agriculture
Frequent precipitation halted fieldwork in Iowa during the week ending June 22, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures were above normal for the week, while severe storms brought high winds and hail to the State. Statewide there were only 2.0 days suitable for fieldwork.
Recent precipitation raised soil moisture levels. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 28 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 16 percent surplus. Northwest Iowa was the wettest with over 40 percent of the topsoil in surplus condition.
Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 21 percent excellent. With almost all of Iowa's soybean acreage emerged, soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 18 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 18 percent excellent. There were isolated reports of soybeans blooming across Iowa. Seventy-one percent of the oat crop has headed, 8 percentage points above last year but 4 percentage points behind the five-year average. A few farmers reported seeing oats starting to turn color. Oat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 12 percent excellent.
The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 84 percent complete, well ahead of last year's 66 percent and 8 percentage points above average. Hay condition was rated 0 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. Pasture condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 19 percent excellent. Stress on livestock increased this week because of the heat and flooding.
IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY
By Harry Hillaker
Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship
It was a warm and very wet week across Iowa. The most widespread rain came on Monday (16th) into Tuesday (17th) morning when nearly all of the northern one-half of the state received more than two inches of rain. Greatest rain totals with this first event were reported at Peterson (Clay County) with 5.14 inches and Lester (Lyon County) with 4.87 inches.
Another event brought rain to the northern one-third of Iowa on Wednesday (18th) morning with a few locations receiving over two inches. Yet another complex of thunderstorms moved across extreme northeast Iowa on Wednesday night bringing 4.52 inches of rain to Dubuque. Rain fell statewide on Thursday (19th) with greatest amounts, locally exceeding three inches, falling across the east one-half of the state.
The rain focus shifted to western Iowa over the weekend with heavy rain Friday (20th) night across the southwest where 4.27 inches of rain fell just south of Council Bluffs. Finally, a few far western areas received an inch or two of rain on Saturday (21st) night. Only a few small areas across south central and southeast Iowa recorded below normal rainfall for the week. Weekly rain totals varied from 0.17 inches at Centerville to 8.08 inches at Hampton. The statewide average precipitation was 3.66 inches or three times the weekly normal of 1.17 inches. This was the greatest weekly average since early June 2008. Meanwhile temperatures were above normal throughout the week. Temperature extremes varied from Monday (16th) morning lows of 51 degrees at Swea City and Tripoli to a Friday (20th) afternoon high of 94 degrees at Sidney. Temperatures for the week as a whole averaged 3.3 degrees above normal.