DES MOINES - Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey commented on the Iowa Crops and Weather report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through October.
"Unfortunately the strong storms that rolled through Southeast Iowa caused some crop and property damage. Otherwise much of the state is in good shape with planting mostly completed and farmers now focused on scouting fields, spraying and in-season fertilizer applications," Northey said.
Iowa Secretary of Agriculture
In spite of rains during the week, corn and soybean progress remained ahead of normal in Iowa for the week ending June 8, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Farmers in southwest Iowa were concerned about damage caused by the June 3rd storm. Other activities for the week included spraying, herbicide application, and field side dressing.
Recent precipitation increased soil moisture levels. Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 10 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 5 percent very short, 22 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. Southwest and south central Iowa were the wettest with over 30 percent of topsoil in surplus condition.
Ninety-eight percent of the corn acreage has emerged, 18 percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the five year average.
Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 64 percent good, and 18 percent excellent. With soybean planting nearing completion, 87 percent of the crop has emerged, 3 weeks in front of last year and just over a week ahead of normal. The season's first soybean condition rating came in at 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 64 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. Twenty-four percent of the oat crop has headed, ahead of last year's 14 percent but behind average by 7 percentage points. Oat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 12 percent excellent.
The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 42 percent complete, 33 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 9 points less than average.
Hay condition was rated 0 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 18 percent excellent.
Pasture condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 48 percent good and 16 percent excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as average.
IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY
By Harry Hillaker, State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship
It was a very active week of weather across Iowa. Three large precipitation events on Sunday (1st), Tuesday (3rd) and Saturday (7th) brought copious amounts of rain to much of the state. The Sunday event brought heaviest rain, along with some high winds, to northwest and far western Iowa with Cherokee reporting 4.11 inches of rain. The Tuesday event brought a very damaging combination of large hail and high winds to parts of southwestern Iowa, roughly along and south of a Harrison County to Decatur County line. Very heavy rain fell over the same southwestern counties while rain amounts decreased to just sprinkles in far northeast Iowa. Lamoni Airport reported 5.65 inches of rain with this second event. The final event came on Saturday and brought showers and thunderstorms to much of the southeast two-thirds of Iowa but without any severe weather. Bloomfield reported the most rain with this Saturday event with 2.76 inches. Overall weekly rain totals varied from 0.43 inches at Cedar Falls to 7.30 inches at Red Oak, 7.17 inches at Oakland and 7.05 inches at Lamoni Airport. There was a statewide average of 2.33 inches of rain. This was double the weekly normal of 1.17 inches and was the highest weekly average since late May 2013. Finally, there were also several reports of large hail over far northwestern Iowa on Thursday afternoon. Sunday (1st) was the warmest day of the reporting week except in the rain cooled northwest portion of the state. Warm and humid air also dominated all but northwest Iowa on Monday (2nd) while temperatures averaged a few degrees either side of normal for the remainder of the week. Temperature extremes varied from a Sunday (1st) afternoon high of 92 degrees at Little Sioux to a Sunday (8th) morning low of 45 degrees at Spencer. Temperatures for the week as a whole averaged 2.7 degrees above normal.