“The warm, dry weather last week was good for crop development and very welcome after several weeks of cool, wet weather had slowed crop progress,” Northey said.
WARM, SUNNY WEATHER
Although Iowa saw some precipitation early and late in the week, the bulk of the week was dry and sunny. With sunshine and heat came comments of both seeing and hearing the corn grow. Even the extreme heat did not seem to cause significant stress to crops as moisture levels remain adequate to surplus in most areas.
There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week. Northeast Iowa led the way with 6.6 days suitable. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 14 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus.
Corn condition is reported at 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 28 percent excellent. Thirteen percent of the soybean crop is blooming, behind the previous year’s 24 percent and the 22 percent five-year average. Soybean condition is reported at 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 56 percent good and 23 percent excellent. Ninety percent of the oat crop has headed compared with 97 percent in 2010 and the average 92 percent. Twenty percent of the oat crop has turned color, lagging well behind the 47 percent in 2010 and the average 36 percent. Oat condition stands at 0 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. First cutting alfalfa hay harvest increased 15 percentage points to 94 percent complete, just ahead of last year’s 91 percent and the normal 93 percent. Farmers in south central and southeast Iowa were able to complete 29 and 38 percent of their alfalfa first cutting last week, respectively, although they still lag over 10 percentage points behind the rest of the State. Second cutting alfalfa hay harvest, at 19 percent complete is behind last year’s 30 percent and the normal 21 percent. The condition of the hay crop is reported at 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 15 percent excellent.
Pasture and range condition was 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 21 percent excellent. Hot and humid conditions Thursday and Friday were uncomfortable for livestock although the wind mitigated the stress.